A Beginner's Guide to Setting Up Nginx on AWS ECS Day - 48

Introduction: In the realm of DevOps, exploring new technologies and platforms is not just a challenge—it's an opportunity to expand your skill set. One such intriguing technology is Amazon Web Services' Elastic Container Service (ECS), a fully-managed container orchestration service. Today, we'll embark on a learning journey by setting up Nginx, a popular web server, on ECS.

Understanding ECS:

Amazon ECS simplifies the deployment and management of Docker containers by providing a fully-managed environment. It supports both "Fargate" and "EC2 launch types," offering the flexibility to run containers on AWS-managed infrastructure or your own EC2 instances.

Differences Between EKS and ECS:

Before diving into ECS, it's essential to distinguish between ECS and Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS). EKS is based on Kubernetes, a powerful container orchestration platform with a distributed architecture, while ECS has its own orchestration engine with a centralized architecture. The choice between them depends on factors like flexibility, scaling, and community support.

Setting Up Nginx on ECS:

Let's put our learning into action and set up Nginx on ECS. Follow these steps:

Step 1: Create an ECS Cluster

Use the AWS CLI to create an ECS cluster:

aws ecs create-cluster --cluster-name my-ecs-cluster

Step 2: Create a Task Definition

Create a file named nginx-task-definition.json and define the task:

  "family": "nginx-task",
  "containerDefinitions": [
      "name": "nginx-container",
      "image": "nginx:latest",
      "cpu": 256,
      "memory": 512,
      "portMappings": [
          "containerPort": 80,
          "hostPort": 80

Register the task definition:

aws ecs register-task-definition --cli-input-json file://nginx-task-definition.json

Step 3: Create a Service

Create an ECS service:

aws ecs create-service --cluster my-ecs-cluster --service-name nginx-service --task-definition nginx-task --desired-count 1

Step 4: Accessing Nginx

Find the public IP of your EC2 instance or Fargate task.

Additional Steps for EC2 Launch Type:

  • Ensure security groups allow inbound traffic on port 80.

  • Confirm the ECS agent is running on EC2 instances.

Clean Up (Optional):

To avoid charges, delete resources:

aws ecs delete-service --cluster my-ecs-cluster --service nginx-service
aws ecs deregister-task-definition --task-definition nginx-task
aws ecs delete-cluster --cluster my-ecs-cluster


Congratulations! You've successfully set up Nginx on AWS ECS, taking a step forward in your DevOps journey. ECS provides a streamlined environment for managing containers, and with Nginx, you've explored a versatile web server. Continue your exploration of container orchestration platforms, and don't forget to share your learnings with the community.

Happy coding and containerizing!